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In 1908, Canadian Labour Minister Rodolphe Lemieux negotiated an agreement with Japanese Foreign Minister Tadasu Hayashi to limit Japanese immigration to Canada. As part of the gentlemen`s agreement, the Japanese government agreed to voluntarily limit the number of Japanese immigrants who arrive in Canada each year. A year later, concessions were agreed in a score of six points. The agreement was followed by the reception of students of Japanese origin in public schools. The adoption of the 1907 agreement stimulated the arrival of “brides of images”, marriages of convenience concluded remotely by photographs. [11] By creating remote marital bonds, women who wanted to emigrate to the United States could obtain passports and Japanese workers in America could earn a partner of their own nationality. [11] As a result of this provision, which helped close the gender gap within the Community from a ratio of 7 men to every woman in 1910 to less than 2:1 in 1920, the Japan-U.S. population continued to grow despite immigration restrictions under the Agreement. The Gentlemen`s Agreement was never enshrined in law passed by the U.S.

Congress, but was an informal agreement between the United States and Japan enacted by unilateral action by President Roosevelt. It was repealed by the Immigration Act of 1924, which legally prohibited all Asians from emigrating to the United States. [12] President Roosevelt had three goals to resolve the situation: to show Japan that California policy did not reflect the ideals of the entire country, to force San Francisco to repeal segregation policies, and to find a solution to the problem of immigration to Japan. Victor Metcalf, Minister of Trade and Labour, was sent to investigate the problem and force the repeal of the policy. He did not succeed because local officials wanted Japan to be excluded. Roosevelt tried to put pressure on the school board, but she would not give in. On February 15, 1907, the parties reached a compromise. If Roosevelt could ensure the suspension of Japanese immigration, the school board would allow Japanese-American students to attend public schools. The Japanese government did not want to harm its national pride or suffer humiliation as the Qing government did in China in 1882 through the Chinese Exclusion Act. The Japanese government has agreed to stop granting passports to workers who attempt to enter the United States unless those workers come to occupy a previously acquired home to join a relative; spouse; or child or take active control of a previously acquired farm.

[10] The agreement stipulated that Japanese immigrants who were already in the United States could bring their wives, parents or children from Japan to the United States. This provision allowed Japanese men in the United States to marry a partner in Japan and then bring him to the United States. As a result, the Japanese immigrant population in California continued to grow. Eventually, the U.S. Congress passed the Immigration Act of 1924. This law prohibited all Asians from emigrating to the United States of America. Japan was willing to limit immigration to the United States, but was deeply violated by San Francisco`s discriminatory law, which specifically targeted its population. President Roosevelt, who wanted to maintain good relations with Japan as a counterweight to Russian expansion in the Far East, intervened. While the U.S. ambassador reassured the Japanese government, Roosevelt summoned the mayor and school board of San Francisco to the White House in February 1907 and persuaded them to repeal the segregation order, promising that the federal government itself would address the immigration issue. On February 24, the gentlemen`s agreement with Japan was reached in the form of a Japanese note agreeing to deny passports to workers who wanted to enter the United States and recognize the United States.